According to Deut. 26:5 ‘a wandering Aramaean was my ancestor’; a reference to Jacob, and the Israelites' sojourn in Egypt. It would seem that the claim was justified on the ground that Abraham migrated from Ur into Haran (Gen. 11:28–32), in an area known as ‘Aram of the two rivers’ (the Euphrates and the Tigris).
During the Israelite monarchy, Aramaeans fought against David (2 Sam. 8:3 ff.) and Benhadad Ⅱ against Ahab (1 Kgs. 20). The chief city was Damascus; it remained powerful until defeated by the Assyrians in 732 BCE (2 Kgs. 16:9).

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